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Armstrong, J.A., Bieker, J.J., and Emerson, B.M. 1998. A SWI/SNF-Related Chromatin Remodeling Complex, E-RC1, Is Required for Tissue-Specific Transcriptional Regulation by EKLF In Vitro. Cell 95: 93-104. Full Article

Erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) is necessary for stage-specific expression of the human -globin gene. We show that EKLF requires a SWI/SNF–related chromatin remodeling complex, E KLF coactivator-r emodeling c omplex 1 (E-RC1), to generate a DNase I hypersensitive, transcriptionally active -globin promoter on chromatin templates in vitro. E-RC1 contains BRG1, BAF170, BAF155, and INI1 (BAF47) homologs of yeast SWI/SNF subunits, as well as a subunit unique to higher eukaryotes, BAF57, which is critical for chromatin remodeling and transcription with EKLF. E-RC1 displays functional selectivity toward transcription factors, since it cannot activate expression of chromatin-assembled HIV-1 templates with the E box–binding protein TFE-3. Thus, a member of the SWI/SNF family acts directly in transcriptional activation and may regulate subsets of genes by selectively interacting with specific DNA-binding proteins.

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