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Herscher, L. L., R. J. Siegel, J. W. Said, G. M. Edwalds, M. M. Moran, and M. C. Fishbein. 1984. Distribution of LDH-1 in normal, ischemic, and necrotic myocardium. An immunoperoxidase study. Am J Clin Pathol 81: 198-203.

To study the distribution of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH-1) (H4) in normal, ischemic, and necrotic myocardium using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technic, the authors studied formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human (n = 11) and canine (n = 28) myocardium. All normal control myocardium showed positive immunostaining for LDH-1 (H4). In infarcts 10 hours or more old, the histologically necrotic myocardium (by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining) (TTC) showed markedly diminished immunostaining. In 24-dogs ischemia was induced in a closed-chest model using a balloon-tipped catheter inflated in the left anterior descending coronary artery. In dogs with 3 hours or more of occlusion, myocardium that was necrotic by TTC staining, light and/or electron microscopy, showed diminished staining for LDH-1, while normal, control myocardium stained intensely. In four dogs, ischemia was induced by a controlled perfusion apparatus by which left main coronary flow was reduced by 50%. Ischemia without necrosis was documented by demonstration of glycogen loss with no light or electron microscopic evidence of necrosis. These ischemic fibers stained intensely for LDH-1, as did controls. Thus, by immunoperoxidase staining, LDH-1 can be demonstrated in normal human and canine myocardium. In experimental models of ischemia in dogs, tissue that was ischemic but not necrotic showed no diminished staining. LDH-1 loss can be detected in necrotic myocardium as early as 3 hours after coronary artery occlusion.

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