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Edwalds, G. M., J. W. Said, M. I. Block, L. L. Herscher, R. J. Siegel, and M. C. Fishbein. 1984. Myocytolysis (vacuolar degeneration) of myocardium: immunohistochemical evidence of viability. Hum Pathol 15: 753-756.

Human myocardium with focal myocytolysis (vacuolar degeneration, colliquative myocytolysis) was examined by routine light microscopy and by immunoperoxidase staining techniques for creatine kinase (CK) M and B, myoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase (H4)(LDH-1), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, GOT). Sections of myocardium were selected from autopsy and surgical specimens from patients with and without clinical morphologic evidence of ischemic heart disease. Areas of coagulation necrosis showed loss of enzyme staining, while both normal and myocytolytic cells stained darkly. These results indicate that fibers with myocytolysis retain enzymes and other proteins, indicating sarcolemmal integrity, which is not present in fibers with coagulation necrosis. The implication of these findings is that fibers with myocytolysis are viable; thus, myocytolysis may be a reversible form of myocardial alteration that does not necessarily lead to cell death and eventual myocardial fibrosis.

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